The tomb of Safdarjung, a mid-eighteenth-century building designed by an Ethiopian architect, marks the last colossal tomb of Mughal garden gate and its cultural heritage and architecture. The mausoleum, which resembles Humayun’s tomb in design and construction, is a smaller version, less large in appearance. The tomb is located in the center of a green complex with several apartments, a mosque and a courtyard.
A bridge of two floors, whose facade is decorated exquisitely with purple floral motifs on a plaster surface, greets us when entering the green spot. It carries an inscription in Arabic. The back of the entrance has a library preserved by the Indian Archaeological Survey (ASI) and several rooms. A mosque with three domes, marked with stripes, is to the right of the door.
Four key features characterize the tomb mausoleum in the center is flanked on all sides by the plan of Char Bagh, a grand podium with a secret staircase, nine-fold plan and a pentagonal facade.
The main tomb, built of red sandstone and living stone, extends over an area of 300 square meters and rises majestically to a height of 92 feet. It stands on an elevated platform and is surrounded by the Mughal Charbrah style garden, each of its four segments being square in shape.
A debris masonry wall surrounds the entire complex and has passages that pass through to transport water to the various pavilions of the complex. Although the facade of the main tomb resembles the Taj Mahal, it lacks the symmetry of the latter due to the emphasis on its vertical axis. The absence of adequate dosage of its various components causes its dome to appear elongated.
While it has the square shape of the central chamber tomb, its facade is defined by arches with octagonal towers or chhathris around. Each of them, and the interior of the tomb, including its ceilings, are adorned with incised and vibrant rococo plaster.
The four towers around the main tomb have kiosks, displaying discolored marble panels. The tall terrace of the tomb is crowned by a huge bulbous dome that builds up from a 16-sided drum. The tomb of the central chamber contains a cenotaph, but the tombs of his wife and Safdarjung Amat Jahan Begum are placed in an underground compartment of this central tomb.
From the tomb, four channels emerge as fingers and end with three pavilions and the main entrance to the east. Beautiful decoration Jangli Mahal, Badshah Pasand and Moti Mahal, these several rooms houses in the west, south and north, once served in royal residences. They currently house ASI offices.